The question of where the famous navigator Christopher Columbus was born remains open to this day. 4 Spanish cities, as well as 2 Portuguese and 2 Italian cities claim the right to be called the birthplace of Columbus. At the same time, the names of his parents are known: his father is Domenico Colombo, and his mother is Susanna Fontanarossa.
Most often, Genoa is called the birthplace of Columbus, but it is only known for sure that he lived there from the age of 12, but there are no reliable facts that he was born there.
Christopher Columbus had absolutely no intention of discovering a new continent: he only wanted to find a new, shorter way to India, from where spices were supplied to Europe, which were very expensive. In 1485, he tried to captivate the Spanish king with his idea, but he managed to realize his dream only after 7 years: the court scientists could not understand how you can reach India, which is located in the east, if you sail to the west? It was possible to go on an expedition only in 1492.
There is information that there were many prisoners among the sailors of Columbus: those who wanted to voluntarily go into the unknown were much less than required. But even these "gentlemen of fortune" were ready to revolt: the voyage lasted for several weeks before the sailors saw the land. They were already in a panic and did not believe in a successful outcome of the expedition.
Columbus himself had no doubt that he had reached the shores of India, therefore, the indigenous population of America is called the Indians. There is still a difference between the words "Indians" and "Indians" in Russian, albeit insignificant. But in English, both are called the same - "indians".
Columbus and his companions did not manage to find here the spices that so attracted European merchants. Then the navigator concluded that he was in the poorest part of India.
In total, Columbus made four trips to the shores of the New World, but he never realized that this was not India. After the second expedition, the navigator invited the Spanish monarch to populate the new land with criminals serving time in prisons. On the one hand, this reduced the expenses of the treasury for their maintenance, and on the other hand, it allowed to increase the number of Europeans in the colony.
Despite the fact that Columbus could not find spices, it was on his ships that potatoes, tobacco, corn, and tomatoes were delivered to Europe. And the Indians first saw grapes, as well as strange animals - horses.
As you know, the new continent was not named after Columbus, but got its name from another navigator - the Florentine Amerigo Vespucci. After all, it was Vespucci who proved that Columbus opened not a shortcut to India, but a new mainland.
Christopher Columbus died at a fairly young age, he was 54 years old. It happened in 1506. First he was buried in the Spanish city of Seville. In 1540, the Spanish king Charles V decided to fulfill the will of the deceased: the ashes of the navigator were sent overseas and reburied in Santo Domingo. After part of the island
Haiti went to France, the coffin was transported to Havana. In 1898 he was returned to Haiti and then sent back to Seville.
True, there were rumors that the remains of not Columbus were transported to Seville, but of a completely different person. The end of this dispute was put already at the beginning of the XXI century. Spanish geneticists have compared the DNA of the alleged remains of Columbus and his brother Diego. The scientists said that the examination showed "absolute similarity."